This module charts the roles of Lee Kuan Yew, S Rajaratnam and Goh Keng Swee in shaping the foreign policy of Singapore from 1965. Key Singapore policy-makers and diplomats such as Tommy Koh, Kishore Mahbubani & Bilahari Kausikan acknowledge that in particular the longevity of Lee’s tenure and his strategic philosophy structures Singapore’s actions internationally. This module examines the impact of the leadership’s ideological assumptions on how Singapore navigates its relations with 3 major areas, ASEAN, the US and the regional powers, China and India and adapts to the current inflection point in the international diplomacy of Indo-Pacific region.